HIV/AIDS Prevention Activities Said Successful

The Federal HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office (HAPCO) said the efforts made during the past five years to curb the speared of HIV/AIDS have yielded remarkable results.

In Search of "Made-to-Measure" HIV Prevention

With more than half of all Ethiopian adults tested for HIV in the past five years and a campaign for behaviour change in place, specialists are now calling for a more targeted approach.

565,000 People Receive VCT In SNNP

More than 565,000 people have received Voluntarily Counseling and blood Testing (VCT) in South Ethiopia Peoples State over the last six months, state’s health bureau said.

HIV/AIDS Prevalence Rate Decreasing In Ethiopia

The Federal HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office (FHAPCO) said that HIV/AIDS prevalence rate has been declining significantly in Ethiopia.

History

The HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office, which came into being in 2002, is an autonomous federal government organ with its own legal personality. It is the secretariat of the National AIDS Council (NAC), which was established in April 2000 and chaired by the President of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Its members include: the Deputy Prime Minister and other high ranking government officials, the Speaker of the House of Peoples Representatives, representatives of NGOs, religious institutions, the media and civil society organizations.

The main task of the Council is to oversee the implementation of the National Strategic Plan (NSP) and to examine and approve annual plans and budgets submitted to it by its secretariat, FHAPCO, and to monitor performance and impact.

As stipulated in the Federal Negarite Gazeta, 11 June 2002, the objectives of FHAPCO are to coordinate and direct the implementation of the country's HIV/AIDS policy. It is a national authority charged with coordinating multisectoral response in the country. It involves a wider consultation with sector ministries, regional HAPCO's, regional health bureaus, civil society organizations, associations and networks of PLHIV, the private sector, as well as multilateral and bilateral development partners.

Power and duties vested in FHAPCO include:

  • Submit for the approval of the Government a national HIV/AIDS program prepared on the basis of the recommendations of NAC; follow-up and coordinate the implementation of the same;
  • Mobilize partners and utilize resources appropriately;
  • Coordinate the activities of federal and regional government organs and non-governmental organizations engaged in HIV/AIDS prevention and control activities and facilitate conditions for integration, mobilize the community and coordinate the sectors and build their capacity to create ownership.
  • Collect and compile information on general situation of HIV/ AIDS in the country and disseminate same to all partners
  • Organize local and international meetings and workshops for enhancing knowledge of the society about HIV/AIDS.
  • Establish monitoring and evaluation system.
  • Ensure money secured in donation and the budget allocated by the government is properly utilized
  • Increase the coverage of quality services and speed up implementation of comprehensive HIV/AIDS promote to satisfy the needs of clients in order to prevent and control the spread of the epidemic and mitigate the impact.

Vision

To see Ethiopia free of HIV/AIDS.

Mission

To prevent and control HIV/AIDS epidemic and mitigate its impacts by creating universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support services through intensified community mobilization and empowerment, by building capacity and ensuring the active involvement and ownership across sectors, enhancing partnership under the principle of the "three ones (one plan, one budget and one M&E)", and mobilizing and ensuring appropriate use of resources.

Goals

To reduce new HIV infections, AIDS related morbidity and mortality and mitigate its impacts.

Strategic Results

  • Comprehensive knowledge and behavioral change created on individual and mass bases,
  • Reduced new HIV infection, and
  • Improved quality of lives of infected and affected people.

Guiding Principles

Multisectoralism: The HIV/AIDS epidemic is posing a formidable challenge to the development of all sectors as illnesses and deaths from AIDS reduce productivity of their labor force. Responding effectively to the behavioral, social, cultural, and economic factors that make individuals and communities vulnerable to HIV infection and mitigating the associated crises of AIDS requires organized and concerted efforts from all actors in the public and private sector, NGOs, FBOs, PLHIV and communities at large. All sectors should mainstream HIV/AIDS prevention and control into their core mandates, plans and programs. Hence, multi-sectoralism remains to be the core guiding principle of comprehensive and expanded response against HIV/AIDS.

Empowerment: Families and communities should be empowered and own the HIV programs so as to halt and reverse the epidemic.

Shared sense of urgency: HIV/AIDS needs to be combated with a shared sense of urgency by all actors to reverse and stop further spread of the epidemic, mitigate its impacts and succeed in our fight against poverty.

Partnership: All sectors of the society have to be involved in order to effectively respond to the epidemic by minimizing duplication of efforts, pooling resources together, creating synergy and maximizing impact. Effective scale up of the HIV services requires a coalition approach, which accommodates all partners working within the national HIV strategic plan framework.

Gender sensitivity: The fight against HIV/AIDS cannot be successful unless it effectively addresses the social, cultural, and economic causes of gender inequality in our society. Women should be actively involved in the fight against HIV/AIDS and gender sensitive HIV/AIDS prevention and control programs should be ensured by all actors.

Together with PLHIV: Greater involvement of people living with HIV (GIPA) should be ensured in all programs of HIV/AIDS prevention and control at all levels.

Result Oriented: The investment on HIV/AIDS prevention and control programs should yield the expected results in averting new infections and improving quality of life of the infected and affected population. The response should be led by evidence based/ informed planning and programming.

Best use of resources: Resources mobilized from external development partners, the government and communities should be utilized in an effective and efficient manner with accountability.

Quick Facts

  • 33.3 million
  • 33.3 million[31.4-35.3] people were living with HIV worldwide in 2009
  • 1.8 million
  • In 2010 there were 1.8 million AIDS-Related deaths, lower than the 2.2 million in 2005

[Source: WHO/UNAIDS]